Urban Transitions 2018 Integrating urban and transport planning, environment and health for healthier urban living
Date de début : 25 Novembre 2018 09:00
Date de fin : 27 Novembre 2018 18:00
Lieu : Sitges | Espagne
Organisé par :
Source de l'information :
The majority of people live in cities and urbanization is continuing worldwide. Cities have long been known to be society’s predominant engine of innovation and wealth creation, yet they are also a main source of pollution and disease. There has been a transition to non communicable diseases (NCDs) in many low and medium income countries, partly due to urbanization and related environmental exposures and lifestyles. Furthermore, climate change is a driver for change. Cities are often characterized by high levels of environmental exposures such as air pollution and noise, heat island effects and lack of green space and physical activity levels. Emerging evidence suggests that (poor) urban and transport planning may be to a large extent responsible for this and may have a large impact on mortality and morbidity in cities. Furthermore the impacts are not equally distributed among the population with the more the more deprived often suffering disproportionately.
The Sustainable Development Goals and the New Urban Agenda have given new impetus to improve our cities. Paradigms such as sustainable cities, liveable cities, resilient cities, smart cities and healthy cities have been promoted successfully by different communities, but need more alignment to make systematic improvements to cities. New concepts such as car free cities, low carbon cities and nature based solutions and new technologies such as electric vehicles and (shared) autonomous vehicles have been introduced and may improve the urban environment and thereby health.
Current exposure to air pollution, noise and temperature have been associated with adverse health effects including increased morbidity and premature mortality, green space with both positive and negative health effects and physical activity with many health benefits. In many cities there is still scope for further improvement in environmental quality through targeted policies. Environmental factors are highly modifiable, and environmental interventions at the community level, such as urban and transport planning, have been shown to be promising and more cost effective than interventions at the individual level. However, the urban environment is a complex interlinked system.
Decision-makers need not only better data on the complexity of factors in environmental and developmental processes affecting human health, but also enhanced understanding of the linkages to be able to know at which level to target their actions. Cities have come to the forefront of providing solutions for issues such as climate change, which has co-benefits on health, but need better knowledge (see for example C40).
Multi-sectorial approaches are needed to tackle the current problems and therefore we have organized an international conference with world leading experts on urban and transport planning, architecture, environmental science and exposures, physical activity, public health to discuss the current status and challenges and solutions in cities.
The objective of the conference is to promote healthy urban development by bringing together different disciplines working within cities and presenting the state of the art research and providing solutions to and future healthy visions of our cities.